The province of Pisa is in central-western Tuscany. Its landscape includes beaches, broad plains, and rolling hills. /*-->*/ Lying on the banks of the Arno, Pisa is the depositary of a glorious past as Maritime Republic, but it is also a modern city. The old town encompasses Renaissance architecture and churches: The Campo dei Miracoli complex, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the most representative structure of the city. The Piazza del Duomo, renowned for being Galileo’s scientific laboratory, is the ideal starting point to retrace the footsteps of this revolutionary Italian scientist through the city. The central Piazza dei Cavalieri (Knights' Square) is a magnificent sight, home to intricate 16th-Century architecture such as the Palazzo della Carovana, the house of the distinguished Scuola Normale Superiore, commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to be based on the model of the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. Many of the most celebrated Italian professors studied here, like Antonio Pacinotti (Astronomy), Giosuè Carducci and Giovanni Pascoli (Literature), and Ernico Fermi and Carlo Rubbia (Physics).
The city of Pisa is surrounded by little towns, like San Miniato and Volterra, overlooking the picturesque Valle dell’Arno. San Gimigniano, the suggestive wine territory of Chianti, and the beautiful Tuscan countryside and beaches are nearby. From Pisa, it is easy to travel to cities like Florence, Lucca, and Siena to spend the day admiring the richness of Italian art and culture. Pisa international airport, “Galileo Galilei,” connects the city to the major European capitals. The train is a convenient way to reach Italian cities like Bologna (1.45 hrs.), Rome (2.30 hrs.) and Venice (3.15 hrs.).