A new strain of realism has emerged in France. The novels that embody it represent diverse fears—immigration and demographic change, radical Islam, feminism, new technologies, globalization, American capitalism, and the European Union—but these books, often best-sellers, share crucial affinities. In their dystopian visions, the collapse of France, Europe, and Western civilization is portrayed as all but certain and the literary mode of realism begins to break down. Above all, they depict a degenerative force whose effects on the nation and on reality itself can be felt.
Please see the following interviews with Christy Wampole.
Columbia University Press interview with Christy about Degenerative Realism: Novel and Nation in Twenty-First-Century France.
The Humanities Council Q&A: Christy Wampole on Degenerative Realism: Novel and Nation in Twenty-First-Century France